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Like the lions of the African meadow, Asiatic Lions living in Gir forests to exhibit radio collars around their neck for easy findings. Till now, 75 collars have been imported from Germany with 25 of them have been fitted on the lion representatives of the forests within a period of 10 days.
What is a Radio Collar?
Also known as tracking collars, this radio beacon which is a wide band of machine-belting, fitted with a small radio transmitter and battery to track animals for research. When the animal travels a distance if 5km or less, the transmitter emits a signal at a specific frequency so that the animal movement can be tracked and recorded.
When tracking locations of a specific collared lion, the researcher firstly, enters the frequency range to his approximates and then drives through the range as he receives the beep signal.
Through an antenna signal which is mounted above the researcher’s vehicle, he is alerted. Following the signal, the researcher drives towards a particular direction and stops where the beep signal is the most powerful.
“Since June 11 up to now, more than 25 representative lions of as many pride have been fitted with radio collar devices imported from Germany. This will help the forest department in the monitoring of the group’s movement, research, knowing the territory of the animal and other details. From Sasan, a high tech monitoring unit will monitor their activities. A total of 75 radio collars have been imported from Germany for the purpose”, D.T. Vasavada, Chief Conservator of Forests in Junagadh told Business Insider.
5 districts across Gujarat
As per the previous lion census data of 2015,
523 male, female and lion cubs were present in Gujarat forests. As stated by the officials of the Gir forests, every lion spread across the Gir forests located in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat will have a radio collar within a period of 1 month. The region includes 5 districts, i.e.Junagadh, Junagadh, Amreli, Bhavnagar and Botad.
“The members of a pride of lions normally remain within a distance of around half to one kilometre of one another, the location of the representative beast would in fact give the location of an entire pride. During floods and other calamities and spread of diseases, the radio collars would be a big help for forest teams”, Vasavada told Business Insider.
In 2017, 11 lions were found wandering on the streets of Gujarat and in August 2018 the same story was repeated where a viral video of a Lioness and her cubs were snapped strolling around near a village in Gujarat. To be alerted at such times, the radio collars would help the lion trackers to locate any group of lions moving towards any railway tracks or roads.